Rapidographs are precision technical pens, normally used for drafting; I've co-opted them for my detailed drawing.
I use this pen size for drawing outlines.
I prefer Rotring's Rapidograph pens over Rotring's Isograph pens or Koh-i-Noor's Rapidograph pens. Rotring's Rapidograph pens utilize an ink cartridge instead of a refillable well. In my experience, the cartridge construction requires less maintenance than the other available versions of this pen.
Interestingly, while the .10mm tip of this pen is technically smaller than the .13mm version (below), the line it produces is thicker than the .13mm version.
→ Buy a .10mm Rapidograph Pen on Amazon
I use this pen size for drawing in detail(s). If you've asked me "What pen is that?!"… this is probably the one you were asking about. :-)
This is the same pen as above, just in a .13mm size. Note that despite a size indication of .03mm larger than the .10mm pen, it produces a line that's thinner. If you've found a pen that draws a line thinner than this one, PLEASE LET ME KNOW ABOUT IT!
Rapiographs are unlike the roller/gel/marker pens you're used to using. They use a very fine chrome-plated needle housed in a cylinder. This means they are "scratchy" to use, and the ink doesn't flow anything at all like disposable pens.
Rapidograph pens need you to build a relationship with them. They require an investment in money and in time; in learning how to use them, care for them, and how to maintain them, including while you're drawing. You have to use quality drawing paper meant for inking and drawing. If you prefer maintenance-free disposable pens, this pen might not be right for you.
With that said, I haven't found anything else that draws a line as thin as this pen; for me, the investment pays dividends every single time I use it.
→ Buy a .13mm Rapidograph Pen on Amazon
This is, by far, my every day go-to pen. I use it for everything: doodling, final art, sketching… whatever. It's an all-around solid performer. I'm constantly trying new pens, and I continually come back to this one.
I love the shape, the grip, the feel, and the weight; the entire package just works perfectly for me.
I've been using the new "needle" version of this pen with the new super-slim profile tip, but otherwise, it's exactly the same pen.
→ Buy one Uni-ball UM-151 on Jet Pens
→ Buy a Uni-ball UM-151 10-pack on Amazon
→ Buy a Uni-ball UM-151 Needle Point on Jet Pens
I have been using this model (in various sizes) of Pentel pencil since forever. Why? I love its super-light weight, yet sturdy feel. I dig its machine-like reliability. It's serviceable, and – with the exception of the .3mm pencil – it's ubiquitous; you can find it in almost any store that carries pencils.
Lastly, they're not too expensive for a great mechanical pencil. I'd actually pay a decent amount for a better pencil… but I haven't found one.
→ Buy one Pentel P203 on Jet Pens
→ Buy a Pentel P203 3-pack on Amazon
→ Buy a Pental multi-size set on Amazon
I love this tool and I'm a big fan of this company's products. I use Incra rulers for drawing, but also extensively in my woodworking shop. They're simple, well designed, and well built.
This ruler allows you to find the center of things; I use it to find the center of my paper, so I know where to position my art.
It includes small marking holes every 1/32" that fit my P203 pencil (above) perfectly, and includes a built-in protractor.
→ Buy the Incra Centering Ruler on Amazon
When I need a dot grid to help guide a drawing, this is now the tool I reach for.
In combination with the Incra Centering Ruler, I use this to "quickly" (it's quicker than other methods, but still takes time) create an accurate dot grid.
→ Buy the INCRA Precision X-Y Ruler on Amazon
This is the yellow tape you see on my art while I'm working on it. It protects the non-drawing areas of the art from dirt, stray marks, and other accidents.
So far, as long as I go slowly, go carefully, and take my time, it's come off of the paper without causing any damage.
→ Buy FrogTape Delicate Surface on Amazon